The Benefits of Genetic Testing

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Dogs have earned the reputation of "Man's Best Friend" due to their faithful and loving nature. As our interaction with them progresses, we have learnt how to take care of them more efficiently. Nowadays, the options to dog owners are endless, haircuts, food, clothing and genetic tests, yes, you read it right, genetic testing.


How do you go about it? You may ask.


It is super simple, Petgenome will send you a carefully developed tool to collect DNA from your pet's cheek. You will then, send the DNA sample back to us through the pre-paid envelope that you will receive with your kit and a few weeks later, you will receive via email, a detailed explanation of your furry friend's results.


But why would I do it?

Well, genetic testing can benefit you and your pet enormously. You will discover the breed group that constitutes your pet's family tree, diseases and mutations that will make him or her vulnerable. You will also learn if there is any medication sensitivity, also known as MDR1 or multi-drug resistance. All of these discoveries will aid your dog's vet to provide more comprehensive and integrated care.


As with Human's genetic testing, in dog's, we can also identify heart disease, epilepsy and other developing conditions. Prevention is always crucial, so investing in our test will not only help you spend more quality time with your pet but will help your insurance policies. All of the benefits for a price that will surprise you, as testing becomes mainstream, costs are coming down, allowing us to help you care better for your loved friend.


Currently, Veterinary clinics are increasingly recommending it to their patients, which has helped to perfect the technology and reduce result times. To find out more about our technology, prices and results, please get in touch.


by Razvan Oprea-Balais

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History Of The Chihuahua

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We all like dogs, don't we? After all, they are the most popular pet in the world. Nowadays, we all know at least one person who has a dog.


"To sit with a dog on a hillside on a glorious afternoon is to be back in Eden, where doing nothing was not boring, it was peace.” Milan Kundera


In total there are about 340 types of dogs in the world, according to Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). As many of us like extremes, today we will talk about the smallest breed of all, Chihuahua.



Where Does Chihuahua Come From?

There are more theories regarding the origin of this species. The most common one is that Chihuahua is descended from the Techichi. This one was a dog that Mexico's Aztecs lived with more than 1000 years ago, from the early 900s to the mid-1100s.

Although there are some pieces of evidence that Techichi existed 300 years BC, in Colima, due to the pots found in the tombs in western Mexico, no concrete records of their existence was found before the 9th century.

What we know for sure is that the American Kennel Club (AKC), which is the registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States, registered a Chihuahua for the first time in 1904. 



Interesting Facts About Chihuahua

It is said that when Hernan Cortés, a famous Spanish Conquistador, arrived in Mexico, in 1520, he wrote a letter in which he specified that the Aztecs were selling these little dogs as food.

Chihuahua was also used as living hot water bottles. More exactly, when a person was sick and was having a fever it is said that he would put his dog near him, under the blanket, to warm his body.

Chihuahua was originally thought to be descended from Fennec fox. Both of them have bad teeth and they appear very physical similar. But in fact, it was later proven through genealogy and pedigree analysis that Chihuahua is more related to some wolf-like creatures that lived in what is now China, a few thousand years ago.



A Different Kind Of Breed

It is widely accepted that Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. At the moment there are two varieties recognized globally. The Smooth Coat or Smooth-Haired and the Long Coat or Long-Haired.

No wonder millions of people around the world love this breed. It is easy to care of, it has one of the best hearing of all dog breeds and besides that, it does not eat much at all.

If you see a Chihuahua on the street that has a sweater or a coat on it, that's because this breed may tremble at lower temperatures. Especially the Short-Hair one is less tolerant of cold than other larger breeds.


All in all, Chihuahua is and will continue to be a very pleasant companion. Therefore, if you are thinking to buy a loving and easy-care pet then Chihuahua could be the best choice for you.



by Razvan Oprea-Balais

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The Life Of A Dog Breeder - 9 Key Aspects

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So many of us choose to have dogs, to play with them and to take care of these amazing pets out of pure passion. In the same time, others choose to make a living out of this passion.

As a dog breeder, you can earn very well from this. However, it takes time, dedication, knowledge. The most important thing is to like what you do.

If so, you can either have a job as a dog breeder, or you can build an entire business out of this. It's up to you.


What Should You Consider?

If you want to make a living out of your passion for dogs, here are 9 key aspects to keep in mind:

  1. Choose the breed you like - It is crucial to start with the right breed. Otherwise, after a while, you might lose your interest.
  2. Do the math properly - No matter if it's just a job, or more than that, a business, be sure you want and you can invest your time and your money in this.
  3. Research the market - Check to see if the breed you want to choose is selling in your area. 
  4. Be prepared for the unprepared - Check who are the best veterinarians in your area and where are they situated. You have to be prepared for anything.
  5. Test it before buying it - It can be beneficial to genetically test the dog. This way you can check if it has some genetic anomalies or some other diseases.
  6. Purchase the breeding rights also - In some instances, you can be denied the sale of the breeding rights because, in a way or another, you create competition within an area. Be sure you can buy them.
  7. Play with your dog - Before leaving the kennel, spend time with your dog. Play with it. Feed it well. Take it out. The more you do this the more human acquainted it will become. Your reputation and your money are at stake.
  8. Know everything about your dog - Your records are very important. Keep them up to date. Whether it is related to its health, or something else, your dog's history can save its life one day.
  9. Take into consideration the implications - Being a dog breeder is not an easy job. This is a job that requires maximum attention from your side. Most of the time, your family will be involved too. This is why they must understand and support you.


Knowledge Is Everything

If you consider becoming a dog breeder you should be aware of the implications. You will spend a good part of your time, at least at the beginning, researching the market, analysing the breeds and planning each decision separately.

On the other hand, you will be surrounded by a lot of puppies, almost all the time. Sure, there is a lot of fun in this job, but there are also many aspects you need to consider.

All in all, you will have to produce desired characteristics and traits by intentional mating of dogs.

A good dog breeder is responsible and adaptable. If you like to be challenged and more importantly you love dogs a lot, then you are the perfect person to become a dog breeder.

Doing Genetic Testing before breeding is advisable to check the health predispositions of any expected traits, and avoid also surprises. #GeneticTestinginDogs #GeneticTestingSavesLives #PetGenoma


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Being a Dog Owner of a Chihuahua

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The Reality of Having a Chihuahua


Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. Even so, it is often very likely to be the noisiest. If you are thinking of having a Chihuahua, or if you are just interested to find out more about this wonderful dog, then this article is for you.


Pros of Having a Chihuahua

As you already know, this is indeed the smallest dog breed in the world. Which means that it's ideal for you if you live in an apartment or a small house.

Being so small, allows it to be the perfect companion for young children as well. Chihuahua is smart and playful, so if you get to own one, you will never get bored at all.

It is recommended to train your Chihuahua. Due to its size, it tends to be the target of other larger dogs. This is why it needs a little more discipline. However, even if is so small, it can learn new things very quickly.

This dog breed is also loyal and caring. It is convenient to carry it with you, especially because it doesn't mind to be kept in small places and can fit in a small bag easily.

Considering its size, Chihuahua doesn't eat much at all. Even so, it is recommended to feed it with high-quality pet food twice a day. Chihuahua puppies should be fed three times per day until they are one year old.

Both types, Smooth-Haired and Long-Haired, are easy to groom. You just have to cut their nails and shower them from time to time.

Lastly, their life span can vary between 12 and even 20 years. Therefore, having a Chihuahua means having a small but cute companion a good part of your life.


Cons of Having a Chihuahua

When it comes to its personality, many people say it is a big dog in a small dog’s body. This says a lot about it. Many times it tends to bark at unknown people and various animals which it sees on the street or the window.

You've probably seen at least one Chihuahua dressed in a funny sweater. The main reason for this is because of its size, it tends to tremble at low temperatures.

Chihuahua doesn't get sick often. However, its skeletal system and its teeth are some of its weaknesses. Having its large eyes stuck out of its head makes it prone to a lot of eye problems also. Buying a DNA test and taking him to the vet regularly should be a priority.

This is the reason why it is not recommended to have a Chihuahua while also having a bigger dog. While playing, it can be injured quite easily due to its size and sensitivity.


To Have or Not to Have a Chihuahua?

All in all, Chihuahua is one of a kind breed of dog. You can't help but notice its gentleness and care for you. Even if sometimes it tends to bark a lot, this can also mean that it can spot the danger more easily then other dog breeds.

If you decide to bring a Chihuahua home it will be a long commitment. But, after a while, you might become so attached to it that you might never want to let him go.



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Chihuahua’s Nutritional Needs

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Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog with one of the biggest personality.

It's a temperamental one. However, it’s a smart, loyal and caring soul. With other words, even though he has a big personality, he has a lot to offer.

Generally, it is a healthy breed. However, Chihuahuas are more susceptible to lifestyle-related health problems, especially because they live long lives.

Those who have a Chihuahua know why this breed of dog is so loved. It can be your companion a good part of your life. Their life span can vary from 12, 13 or 14 years to even 20 years. To keep him healthy diet is of major importance.


When To Feed Your Chihuahua

Puppies up to 3 months or up to 1 kilogram, or 2 lbs, should have food at their discretion. Leaving a bowl with food at sight and refreshing it from time to time works best in their first months. Free-feeding allows your Chihuahua to adjust his eating hours on his own.

From 3 months on, either puppies or adults, it is recommended to offer them 3 meals a day. This is the perfect timing of a meal’s synchronicity for most dogs.

In most cases, the majority of people are not home for lunch. That's how life works.

So, you could leave a meal’s worth of food in a treat-dispensing toy. Most of them are durable enough to handle heavy chewing thanks to their versatile rubber composition.

There are enough options to provide your little Chihuahua with some motivation to play with this toy to get a few more beans from his favourite food while keeping it busy and active.


How Many Calories Should Your Chihuahua Eat?

In general, it depends from case to case. Even so, for puppies, it is recommended 100 calories per kilogram of body weight per day or 50 calories per pound. That’s because they are growing and they need to develop as well as possible. For adults, it is recommended 70 – 80 calories per kilogram or 35 – 40 calories per pound of body weight.


Food Recipes For Chihuahua

It is important to offer it the highest-quality food available.

Chihuahua’s ancestor, Techichi, was a hunter. So, even if your Chihuahua will eat vegetables and grain, you should opt for food that has meat as the first ingredient.

Chihuahua’s teeth are not the greatest. That’s why you should choose food that has small-sized kibble, to help strengthen them. However, you can mix a bit of wet food with its dry food. Just give it a try and see if it likes it.

Omega-3 and Omega-6 should not be missing from your little dog’s diet. Your dog’s fur will benefit from these fatty acids.

Avoid artificial additives at any cost. They don’t bring any benefit to your dog. Another aspect to be taken into consideration is to select foods with glucosamine. This will help your Chihuahua to prevent or reduce joint-related conditions.


Your Chihuahua Should Eat Healthy, Just Like You

It is said that as the owner is so is the dog. Your Chihuahua will treat you as if you were his best friend. That’s how you should treat it too.

Besides playing with him, offering a shelter, taking care of him through frequent vet visits and DNA tests, nutrition plays an important role in its life.

Choosing what’s best for your Chihuahua, in the end, means choosing what’s best for you. Do your homework and offer it a great life.

Photo by Kaboompics .com from Pexels

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5 Reasons Why Your Chihuahua Needs Clothes

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Everywhere we go we see dogs with clothes, especially during colder seasons. One reason for this is, of course, due to social and media labels. Another reason, more powerful, is that some dog breeds need to have some clothes on once in a while.

Chihuahuas clothing industry has grown a lot in recent years. Because it's such a small dog breed, the choices are endless, in terms of their clothes.

In the UK people are spending thousands of pounds on accessories and clothes to dress their little dog as well as possible. Now let's see what are some of the most important reasons why your Chihuahua needs clothes.


Why Your Chihuahua Needs Clothes

  1. Keeps Your Chihuahua Warm - This is the most crucial reason for why your little dog will have to be dressed in some clothes. And it may be more common than you think. Being the smallest breed of dog makes your Chihuahua more sensitive. It tends to tremble at low temperatures.
  1. Keeps your Chihuahua Dry - On raining days, if you want to go outside with your Chihuahua, it's essential to keep it dry. Again, due to its size, it can be a lot more sensitive than other bigger dog breeds. Also, this is a dog that has a life span of 12, 13 or even 20 years. Dressing him, when needed, can protect against hypothermia.
  1. Protection Against Insects - Chihuahuas are frequently exposed to a variety of pests. Especially when the conditions where they live are not that great, some of them can transmit severe infectious disease. It is of high importance to your four-legged companion to be protected against such insects.
  2. Protects Against Skin Allergies - Your Chihuahua, like almost 15% of all dogs, can suffer from skin allergies. By choosing to dress it, you can create a barrier between its skin and the environment. This way, wherever it might go, it will always be protected.
  3. Minimizes Shedding - There are times in your little dog's life when its hair will fall off. This is normal, and it happens to every dog breed out there. Even so, there are moments when you might want to prevent losing its hair. Those are the moments when it is recommended to dress him in a shirt or a sweater.


What's Too Much Is Too Much

Be careful. Although this industry is continually growing, there are also other aspects that you must take into account. It's nothing wrong with dressing your dog when it needs. Or for some photos, or an event. But if you do this too often, you can psychologically harm it.

Pay attention to the materials you use. Make sure they fit well, and your Chihuahua feels comfortable. Your Chihuahua's body language can say a lot. There's no point in stressing it. The main reason why you dress it is to protect it.


No matter what other people say, Chihuahua is one of the kindest dog breed out there. Loyal and sometimes too noisy, this little dog will always be the centre of attention.


Chihuahua's clothing industry will always be growing. After all, if you take care of it, buy a DNA test and from time to time you take it to the vet, this little companion can be with you for a long time.

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Photo by Quang Nguyen Vinh from Pexels

Birthday and Events for Chihuahuas

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Signs of Overheating in Your Chihuahua

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During the summer, we all love to visit new places, to walk and enjoy the good weather outside. If you are an owner of a Chihuahua, then you have an extra reason to go out during this time. After all, who doesn’t like summer?

Regarding this aspect, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. As you well know, Chihuahua does not get along well with the cold. It starts to tremble as soon as it is cold. In the same time, Chihuahua can have big problems even on very hot summer days.

Of course, nobody likes extremes. The same is also valid in this case.

Considering this, you might wonder where does the upper extreme stands when it comes about your Chihuahua? How can you recognize overheating when it happens to your little dog? What can you do when the temperature of your Chihuahua starts to rise?

Well, let’s take them one at a time.


Upper Extreme in Terms of Body Temperature

While the average temperature for a dog is 38.6 degrees Celsius (101.5 Fahrenheit), the upper extreme is 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit).


Taking a Dog’s Temperature

There are two types of thermometers, the digital one and the analogue one, or the glass one. When using the last one, you have to shake it down, so that the indicator stands below the 35 degrees Celsius (94 degrees Fahrenheit).

The next step is to put it into the rectal area of your Chihuahua for about a minute.


Recognize the Overheating in a Chihuahua

-         The body feels too hot to touch

-         Intensive gaffe or panting

-         Heavy breathing

-         Excessively thirsty

-         Big tongue, abnormally long or wide

-         Vomiting

-         Weakness

-         Body temperature abode 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit)


What Can You Do?

-         Give them a break from walking in the sun

-         Good hydration

-         A couple of frozen treats (frozen food or canned food)

-         Leave the fan or air conditioning on during hot summer days

-         Bath your dog with colder water

-         Put a cooled towel on your Chihuahua

-         Take him to the vet, in extreme cases


There are times when you have to pay more attention to your little dog. Overheating is a real problem for a Chihuahua, just like it is for you. Taking care of it, especially during hot summer days or extremely humid weather is a must.

Chihuahua is a sensitive dog breed. It can be a perfect companion for you and your children if you take good care of it. However, being so small, it means that at the same time, it requires more attention from you.


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Chihuahuas, one of the most loyal of all dog breeds, are also the loudest. Just imagine attending a party full of Chihuahuas.

First of all, why would you organize a party for your dog? Well, why not? Doesn’t it deserve a party to meet other happy dogs like it? Wouldn’t be nice to allow your dog to pamper itself from time to time?

Of course, you agree. Your Chihuahua deserves the best. In case you wonder, no, you are not alone. There are thousands of people who organize events for their dogs every year. In the same way you have a birthday party for yourself, your dog can have its birthday party as well.

Last year, in London, thousands of people came with their Chihuahuas to celebrate Barking Mad or Fest of Chihuahuas. In August 2019, during the fourth edition, on the famous Abbey Road, thousands of people gathered with their Chihuahuas to celebrate this wonderful breed.

No matter you want to be part of such a vast gathering, or you intend to organize a small birthday party for your little dog, there are some things to keep in mind.

Chihuahua is a sensitive breed. Because it is so little, it is crucial to take care of it not to be cold. Which means that your event would have to take place inside. Or, if you want to hold it outside, it would be better to be held during summer.

Even so, if needed, you can dress you Chihuahua in a cute sweater or a dress, that would fit it during the event. Regarding this tactic, you have to pay attention to its body language. Stressing your dog only for a party is not worth it.

Chihuahua is very loyal. However, this doesn’t mean that it doesn’t like to meet and play with other dogs. It is preferable, though, to keep an eye on your Chihuahua when it plays with bigger dogs. Due to its size, many times, this small dog breed can be hurt very easily.

When it comes to food, Chihuahua doesn’t eat that much. Even so, in case you want to organize an event or a birthday party for your little dog, you’ve got plenty of options.

Whether you choose beans or wet food, it is recommended to choose a food that has meat as the first ingredient. However, Chihuahua’s teeth are not the strongest. That’s why, when it comes to its dry food, choose one that has softer beans.

Besides that, let your creativity fly free. Usually, people are choosing a theme for these parties. Some mixed colours and increased attention to all aspects of your dog’s safety are also welcome.

Whether it’s your dog’s birthday or you want to give a party for it, to meet other dogs and socialize, your Chihuahua will be thrilled.

Last but not least, it is even recommended that from time to time, your little dog has such events. Here’s another reason why you should organize a birthday party or a similar event for your Chihuahua.


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